The Omaha System: Bridging Hospital and Home Care
By Kathryn H. Bowles, Ph.D., R.N.
Anderson, M.A. & Helms, L.B. (1993). Home health care referrals following hospital discharge: Communication in health services delivery. Hospital and Health Services Administration, 34, 537-555.
Anderson, M.A. & Helms, L.B. (1994). Quality improvement in discharge planning: An evaluation of factors in communication between health care providers. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 8(2), 62-72.
Anderson, M.A. & Helms, L.B. (1995). Communication between continuing care organizations. Research in Nursing and Health, 18, 49-57.
Anderson, M.A. & Helms, L.B. (1998). Extended care referral after hospital discharge. Research in Nursing and Health. 21, 385-394.
Bowles, K. (1996). An Evaluation of the Omaha System in the Hospital Care of the Elderly. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Bowles, K. (1997a). Application of the Omaha System to Hospital Care. Healthnet, 10 (3), 6.
Bowles, K. (1997b). The Barriers and Benefits of Nursing Information Systems. Computers in Nursing, 15(40), 191-196.
Bowles, K. and Naylor, M. (1996). Nursing Intervention Classification Systems. IMAGE: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 28(4), 303-308.
Brooten, D., Bowles, K., Kirby, A., & Miovech, S. (1997, December 4). Symposium: Comparison of Advanced Practice Nurse Functions Using Four Nursing Classification Systems. 75th Annual Scientific Sessions of Sigma Theta Tau International, Indianapolis, Indiana.
Cell, P., Peters, D., & Gordon, J. (1984). Implementing a nursing diagnosis system through research: The New Jersey experience. Home Healthcare Nurse, 2(1), 26-32.
Doran, K., Sampson, B., Staus, R., Ahern, C., & Schiro, D. (1997). Clinical pathway across tertiary and community care after an interventional cardiology procedure. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 11(2), 1-14.
Hays, B (1992). Nursing care requirements and resource consumption in home health care. Nursing Research, 41, 138-143.
Head, B., Maas, M., & Johnson, M. (1997). Outcomes for home and community nursing in integrated delivery systems. Caring,16, 50-56.
Helberg, J. (1993). Patients' status at home care discharge. Image: The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 25, 93-99.
Henry, S. & Mead, C. (1997). Nursing Classification Systems: Necessary but not sufficient for representing "what nurses do" for inclusion in computer-based patient record systems. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 4, 222-232.
Humphreys, B. & Lindberg, D.A.B. (1989). Building the unified medical language system. In: Kingsland, III L. (ed.). Symposium on computer applications in medical care, (pp. 475-80). Washington, DC.
Iowa Intervention Project. (1993). The NIC taxonomy. IMAGE: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 25, 187-192.
Keenan, G. & Aquilino, M.L. (1998). Standardized nomenclatures: Keys to continuity of care, nursing accountability, and nursing effectiveness. Outcomes Management for Nursing Practice, 2(2), 81-86.
Lang, N.M., Hudgins, C., Jacox, A., Lancour, J., McClure, M., McCormick, K., Saba, V., Stenvig, T., Zielstorff, R., Prescott, P., Milholland, D.K., & O'Connor, K. (1995). An emerging framework for the profession: Data systems advances for clinical nursing practice. Washington, D.C.: American Nurses Association.
Marek, K. (1996). Nursing diagnoses and home care nursing utilization. Public Health Nursing, 13, 35-40.
Martin, K., & Scheet, N. (1992a). The Omaha System: Applications for Community Health Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.
Martin, K. & Scheet, N. (1992b). The Omaha System: A pocket guide for community health nursing. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company.
Martin, K., Scheet, N., & Stegman, M.R. (1993). Home health clients: Characteristics, outcomes of care, and nursing interventions. American Journal of Public Health, 83, 1730-1734.
McCormick, K., Lang, N., Zielstorff, R., Milholland, K., Saba, V., & Jacox, A. (1994). Toward Standard Classification Schemes for Nursing Language: Recommendations of the American Nurses Association Steering Committee on Databases to Support Clinical Nursing Practice. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 1, 421-427.
National Library of Medicine. (1994, May). Unified Medical Language System. National Library of Medicine Fact Sheet. Bethesda: NIH.
Naylor, M., Brooten, D., Jones, R., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., Mezey, M., & Pauly, M. (1994). Comprehensive discharge planning for the hospitalized elderly. A randomized clinical trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 120, 999-1006.
Ozboldt, J.G. (1995). From minimum data to maximum impact: using clinical data to strengthen patient care. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly, 1, 62-69.
Saba, V. (1992). The classification of home health care nursing: Diagnoses and interventions. Caring,11(3), 50-57.
Sampson, B.K. & Doran, K. (1998). Health needs of coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients at discharge. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 17, 158-164.
Weidmann, J. & North, H. (1987). Implementing the Omaha classification system in a public health agency . Nursing Clinics of North America, 22, 971-979.
Zeilstorff, R., Tronni, C., Basque, J., Griffin, L.R., Welebob, E. (1998). Mapping nursing diagnosis nomenclatures for coordinated care. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 30, 369-373.